The region was formed in the mid-1990s by combining three provinces - Meskheti (Samtskhe), Javakheti and Tori. Its administrative center is Akhaltsikhe. Samtskhe–Javakheti spans on 6,413 sq. km of land and borders with parts of Turkey and Armenia. Due to its geographical location, the region has developed economic, commercial, and cultural relationships with its neighboring countries, making it one of the essential areas of the country. Samtskhe-Javakheti is rich in cultural heritage sites, ancient cave towns, massive defensive fortresses, mineral springs, lush green nature, and gorgeous lakes. It is home to Javakheti National Park, a ‘resting’ place for many migratory birds. The most significant sights to explore here are Borjomi, a resort known for its curative mineral water springs; Akhaltsikhe, one of the oldest towns of Georgia which used to be part of the Ottoman empire; Vani Cave Monastery Complex carved in the rock and dating back to the 11th century; Vardzia, the biggest manmade cave town of the country of the 13th century; and Paravani Lake, the biggest lake in Georgia territory-wise to name a few.